Section 5 of this 1894 map of Fort Smith illustrates the streets, layout and landmarks of the southwest corner of the city at that time. Notice the section between the railroad and the river designated as "Indian Territory." This also was called the Cherokee Strip and was long disputed between Arkansas and the I.T. Emma Avenue between Towson and Wheeler avenues is now designated an extension of Dodson Avenue and marked the southermost boundary of the city, at least on this map. The city's annexation map extends it even further south for that period, but records for the time are unclear. The Sebastian County Atlas of 1903 gives Dodson/Emma as the southern limit as well. The names of several prominent Fort Smith citizens of the late Victorian period decorate the streets of the time: Sparks, Eberle, Bocquin and many more. Wheeler was named for Stephen Wheeler, clerk of the federal court in Fort Smith. There's a curiosity at the southern edge, "Sulphur Spring Town." According to Doris Tate, no town was ever incorporated by that name, but a community existed just beyond the city limit at that time. Likely the hamlet took its name from a sulphur water spring near the corner of what is today South O Street and Towson Avenue. The spring has been plugged.

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